What is the “Golden Hour”?!
What do NICU Nurses do in the Golden Hour?
THE GOLDEN HOUR "Golden Hour" of neonatal life is defined as the first hour of post-natal life in both preterm and term neonates. This concept in neonatology has been adopted from adult trauma where the initial first hour of trauma management is considered as golden hour.
The “Golden hour” concept includes practicing all the evidence based intervention for term and preterm neonates, in the initial sixty minutes of postnatal life for better long-term outcomes.
Preterm infants are a vulnerable patient population, especially during the first hours of life. Hypothermia, hypoglycemia, and early-onset sepsis are common problems related to prematurity. Implementation of a Golden Hour protocol has been shown to improve outcomes for preterm infants.
The first 60 minutes of a premature infant’s life is considered the “Golden Hour”. Care and treatment provided during the first hour of life can mean the difference between life and death or long-term health problems. In recognition that some of its processes were not meeting best practices (e.g. administering antibiotics within one hour), hospitals around the country use lean methodologies and process improvement techniques to standardize practice for all premature infants admitted to the Neonatal Program.
Although the current evidence supports the concept of golden hour in preterm and still there is no evidence seeking the benefit of golden hour approach in term neonates, but neonatologist around the globe feel the importance of golden hour concept equally in both preterm and term neonates. Initial first hour of neonatal life includes neonatal resuscitation, post-resuscitation care, transportation of sick newborn to neonatal intensive care unit, respiratory and cardiovascular support and initial course in nursery.
The studies that evaluated the concept of golden hour in preterm neonates showed marked reduction in hypothermia, hypoglycemia, intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).
In this review article, we will discuss various components of neonatal care that are included in “Golden hour” of preterm and term neonatal care.
Conditions We Treat in the NICU
Complex Birth Defects
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Hyaline Membrane Disease
Twin to Twin Transfusion
BASELINE PATIENT ASSESSMENT
What makes the NICU so unique is our patients are brand new. And often unpredictable. In addition, we must learn about this brand new baby quickly! FORTUNATELY for these babies, special newborn care is available, THE NICU.
NICU “GOLDEN HOUR” BEDSIDE NURSE TASKS
1. Prepare the bed (isolette or warmer) 2. Turn on warmer 3. Attach temperature probe 4. Place electrodes & pulse ox probes 5. Take temperature 6. Measurements (Head circumference, length, weight) 7. Suction available (oral & nasal) 8. Oxygen as needed (neopuff or mask) 9. Intubation (breathing tube) if necessary 10. Blood pressures
11. Vital Signs (Heart Rate, Respiratory, Temperature) 12. Head to Toe Assessment 13. Skin assessment 14. Sacral Dimple Check 15. Nare /Throat Patency nose 16. Collect Labs (CBC, Type & Cross, MRSA, Blood Cultures) 17. IV access (UVC/UAC or peripheral IV) 18. MD assess Ballard Neonatal Reflexes 19. Start antibiotics if needed 20. Blood Glucose 21. Review Newborn Delivery Room History 22. Review Maternal Mother History 23. Orient Mother & Father to Unit as available
24. Eyes & Thighs! (Erythromycin and Vitamin K) 25. Obtain Orders 26. CHART!!
The Golden Hour Protocol reviews a baby’s health status at one hour after admission in five critical areas: respiration, cardiovascular function, neurological response, fluid and glucose levels, and body temperature.
The results from each of these five areas determine the infant’s health status: red (acute) zone requiring immediate interventions, yellow zone requiring close monitoring, or green zone where the infant is responding well to stabilization.
Small Baby Recommendations ~ Post Admission 1st 72 hrs of life:
Keep head midline
Head of bed elevated 30 degrees *
Two person cares (one person provides containment throughout)
Do not raise legs with diaper changes
No weights or abdominal girths
Minimize handling, suctioning & movement in space
With UAC lab draws, 40 second pull/40 second push per 1ml (set timer) **
No peripheral BP’s if UAC line present
No prone positioning or skin-to-skin holding (encourage “hand hugs”)
Do not forget Colostrum swabbing
Administer loading dose of caffeine in 1st 24 hours, maintenance dosing beginning the following day
Complex decisions are based on Diagnoses, Age, & Weight!
NICU Nurse Essential Resources
March of Dimes! Resources for parents & providers
Tori Meskin BSN RNC-NIC. Nurse. Blogger. Podcaster. Tori has been a clinician since 2012, works in acute care/inpatient NICU & Pediatric settings in southern California. She is a blogger, podcaster, NICU & Pediatric Critical Care RN, Sponsored Capella University MSN student, a Barco Uniforms Ambassador & Brave beginnings Ambassador. She has obtained her National NICU Nurse Certification (RNC-NIC) & has previously worked as a travel nurse, pursuing bedside experiences in several NICU settings. Follow her as she shares her NICU journey married life & juggles work, school, content creation, & brings you top notch Tips & Tricks along the way. Find her at www.tipsfromtori.com or firstname.lastname@example.org